Can You Have Celiac Disease If You Don't Have Diarrhea?

You absolutely can have celiac disease without having diarrhea. In fact, you can have celiac with constipation as your major digestive symptom, you can have celiac with no digestive symptoms, or you even can have the condition with no obvious signs or symptoms at all.

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At one time, "common knowledge" held that almost everyone who was diagnosed with celiac had voluminous, smelly diarrhea coupled with abdominal pain, and was rail-thin due to weight loss caused by the condition. Since then, however, medical research has shown that it's only a minority of celiacs who have diarrhea, and many people are overweight, rather than underweight, at diagnosis.

In fact, there are more than 200 potential symptoms of celiac disease, and most of them don't involve your gastrointestinal tract at all.

What the Research Says

For example, a recent study in Ireland found that 40% of people listed diarrhea as their main symptom. However, another 34% said they didn't have any digestive symptoms at all — in fact, in more than one-fifth of those ultimately diagnosed, the primary symptom was anemia, which may cause only vague symptoms. Women with celiac disease were less likely to have gastrointestinal symptoms than men with the condition, although it's not clear why, according to the researchers.

Another study, this one involving family members of celiacs who themselves were tested and determined to have celiac disease, found so-called "classical" celiac disease, with diarrhea and weight loss, in only about 28% of all people who were diagnosed with celiac disease.

Meanwhile, a total of 45% of people in that study had "subclinical" celiac disease, meaning even though they had the characteristic intestinal damage found in celiacs known as villous atrophy, they didn't have classic celiac symptoms. Instead, many of them had autoimmune conditions that have been linked to celiac disease, including thyroid disorders and psoriasis. Others, meanwhile, had atypical celiac symptoms such as reflux.

Finally, another 28% of the people diagnosed with celiac in that study actually had silent celiac disease, meaning they had no obvious symptoms at all.

People who showed diarrhea and other classical celiac symptoms tended to be older than those who had subclinical symptoms or silent celiac disease, the researchers said.

Bottom Line

Therefore, if you're wondering if you should be tested for celiac disease (perhaps you have family members with celiac, or you have other autoimmune conditions, such as type 1 diabetes, closely linked to celiac disease), you should talk to your healthcare provider about testing even if you don't suffer from diarrhea — it's quite possible to have celiac disease even if you don't have that symptom.

4 Sources
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. U.S. National Library of Medicine, MedlinePlus. Celiac disease.

  2. Celiac Disease Foundation. Symptoms of celiac disease.

  3. Tajuddin T, Razif S, Dhar R, Thorne J, Murray FE. Clinical presentation of adult coeliac disease. Ir Med J. 2011;104(1):20-22.

  4. Tursi A, Elisei W, Giorgetti GM, et al. Prevalence of celiac disease and symptoms in relatives of patients with celiac disease. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2010;14(6):567-572.

By Jane Anderson
Jane Anderson is a medical journalist and an expert in celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, and the gluten-free diet.