Caregiving for Muscular Dystrophy

Whether you are a parent, loved one, or a care professional, caregiving for someone with muscular dystrophy requires tremendous physical, mental, and emotional stamina, as well as education about the disease and all it can entail. Do your best to prepare yourself for what you may encounter. Arm yourself with information that can help you provide the best assistance to the person in your life with MD.

Tap into resources that can lend you a hand on your caregiving journey. And, most of all, remember that you are not alone. Seek support along the way.

Gain Knowledge

Knowledge of muscular dystrophy can give you a sense of control over what can be an unpredictable and challenging experience as a caregiver. By knowing what could happen, you may be better able to anticipate and respond to your loved one's challenges. If you attend an individual's doctor appointments, knowing more about the disease can also help you ask questions on their behalf and otherwise advocate for their care if they've welcomed you to do so.

As you gather information from different sources—physicians, websites, organizations, other caregivers and patients—keep these fundamentals in mind:

  • Remember that there are different types of muscular dystrophy. What someone experiences can differ depending on the type that they have.
  • The primary symptom of muscular dystrophy is muscle weakness. Some types of muscular dystrophy cause other symptoms or complications too, like heart problems or cognitive difficulties. The severity of these varies, meaning some people develop a severe disability, requiring a wheelchair for mobility and ventilatory support for survival, whereas others have only mild disabilities.
  • The age of onset varies: Some show symptoms at birth, while others begin to do so in childhood, adolescence, or even adulthood. The rate of progression also differs from person to person.

Get Support

Caring for someone with muscular dystrophy—or any ongoing illness—can be rewarding, but also tiring and isolating. To manage the role of caregiver effectively and avoid burnout, utilize the resources available to you. 

Family and Friends

Whether you’re a parent caring for a child with muscular dystrophy or a loved one caring for an adult, everyone needs a break now and then. Often, family, friends, and even volunteers within your community want to help, but they may not know how to do so.

If someone is stepping in to help you provide care to the person with MD:

  • Be specific about your needs so that your helpers are aware of the tasks that will be required of them when they pitch in.
  • Devise a schedule so that both the person with MD and your respite caregiver have structure and an understanding of how the day progresses from one activity to another.
  • Make sure your emergency contact information is easy to find so that helpers know how to reach you and other necessary people if something unexpected should happen.

    Consider other ways people can pitch in and ease your day-to-day as well. For example:

    • Take a friend up on an offer to pick up something at the pharmacy for you.
    • Ask if someone can watch your other children for a bit to give you a break from other caregiving responsibilities.
    • Accept offers to cook your family a meal every now and again.

    When family and friends step in to help you, don’t feel guilty about receiving their aid; this is a time for you to relax and self-nurture.

    Outside Help

    If possible, consider getting an outside (or live-in) personal care assistant who can help the person with MD with bathing, going to the bathroom, getting in and out of bed, dressing, and cooking.

    You may also consider hiring a nurse (or even scheduling willing volunteers) at night to watch your child or loved one, so you can obtain uninterrupted sleep. Often times, people find that outside help promotes independence for both sides, which will likely be a welcome change.

    One place to locate outside help is through the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA)—a remarkable organization that provides a number of resources for caregivers, including online articles and discussion groups, support programs, and a recommended reading list. Furthermore, MDA's Additional Resources page provides information on federal, state, and local agencies that serve the multi-layered needs of the MD population.

    In addition to caregiving resources, they offer programs like the annual MDA summer camp, where children with muscular dystrophy can enjoy a week of fun. This free opportunity (funded by supporters of the MDA) also offers parents (and other caregivers) a much-deserved break.

    Medical Team

    Depending on the type of muscular dystrophy your child or loved ones has, there will be a need for healthcare appointments, often multiple ones.

    For instance, your child or loved may have a regularly scheduled physical therapy appointment, either at a clinic or within your home. During appointments, be open to discussing concerns and asking any questions you may have about caring for someone with MD. While you may provide care at home, you are not the only member of a person's care team. 

    Other potential healthcare appointments may include:

    • Doctor visits (for example, pediatrician, neuromuscular specialist, orthopedic surgeon, or a cardiologist)

    • Those required for ongoing tests (for example, lung function testing, bone mineral density tests, and X-rays of the spine to check for scoliosis)

    • Vaccination appointments (for example, the yearly flu shot and the pneumococcal vaccines)

    • Nutrition and genetic counselor consultations

    • Social worker visits to assess the need for ongoing services like assistive devices, wheelchairs, ventilators, and lifts.

    Reaching out to your loved one's medical team for support and guidance is expected. In the end, open communication amongst all parties will optimize care and quality of life.

    Care For Yourself

    Self-care is extremely important as a caregiver. First, it's important to care for your own body. This means ensuring you are getting exercise, eating nutritiously, and seeing your doctor for regular check-ups.

    If you’re having difficulty finding the time to exercise or are simply too exhausted, consider time-saving or less demanding ways to fit fitness into your schedule. For example, you can try TV-based, at-home workouts or go for long daily walks in nature or at a local indoor track with your loved one, if possible.

    In addition to attending to your physical health, be sure to care for your emotional well-being. Depression is common among caregivers, so watch for symptoms of depression like a persistently low mood, problems sleeping, a loss or gain of appetite, or feelings of hopelessness and guilt. If you’re worried about depression, see your doctor or mental health professional.

    To combat the stress and demands of being a caregiver, as well as share the rewarding side, consider joining a support group for caregivers. You may also consider engaging in mind-body therapies that can promote relaxation and stress relief, like yoga or mindfulness meditation.

    Although caring for a loved one with muscular dystrophy isn’t easy, many do find a silver lining, whether that's gaining a deeper, healthier perspective on life, becoming more spiritual, or simply finding beauty in small, everyday pleasures. Remain resilient and devoted in your caregiving journey, remember to nurture your own needs, and reach out to others for a helping hand.

    Sources:

    Darras BT. (2017). Clinical features and diagnosis of Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. UpToDate.

    Landfeldt E et al. Quantifying the burden of caregiving in Duchenne muscular dystophy. J Neurol. 2016 May;263(5):906-15. doi: 10.1007/s00415-016-8080-9

    Muscular Dystrophy Assoication (n.d). Additional Resources.

    Muscular Dystrophy Association. (n.d.). Caregivers.

    National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. (2018). Muscular Dystrophy Information Page.