Egg Allergy and Baked Egg Products

Can you eat baked eggs if you're allergic to eggs?

Cake batter and egg mixture

Verywell / Cara Cormack

If you're allergic to eggs, you might be wondering: Can I still eat baked goods that contain eggs? And: If I'm allergic to eggs now, is there a way to desensitize myself to them or outgrow the allergy? Find out the answers to these questions and more, below.

The Basics About Egg Allergy

  • What it is: An egg allergy is an IgE-mediated allergy. IgE is a natural substance (an antibody) that binds to antigens (such as egg proteins) and stimulates the immune system. Egg allergy is most common in children, yet most children outgrow the allergy by adolescence. The allergy can range from mild to severe. 
  • How it's diagnosed: To diagnose an egg allergy, an allergist will likely recommend either trial and error (eat an egg and see whether you have an allergic reaction) or an oral food challenge, where you eat a certain type of food slowly in gradually increasing amounts under close supervision. 
  • How it's treated: Current treatments for egg allergies include avoiding eggs, taking anaphylaxis precautions (knowing what to do if it appears that you are having an anaphylactic reaction), and desensitizing. It's important to note that a few vaccines (influenzarabies, and yellow fever shots) contain small amounts of egg protein because they're cultured either in eggs or in chick embryos. So if you're allergic to eggs, talk to your doctor to see whether it's best to get the vaccine, skip it, or consider an egg-free vaccine.

Can You Eat Baked Eggs If You Have an Egg Allergy?

The short answer is: maybe. Allergists have known for years that people with allergic reactions to eggs (even severe ones) were often able to eat eggs when they were in baked goods such as cakes and muffins. The reason for this wasn't clear until fairly recently.

A 2019 study analyzed how 54 children reacted to raw, pasteurized, or hard‐boiled egg, egg white, and egg yolk. The results showed that while all of the children who were allergic to eggs had an allergic reaction to raw egg and egg white and a majority to raw egg yolk, heating the eggs decreased the sensitivity. It appears that higher temperatures may alter the egg proteins in ways that make them unrecognizable to the allergic antibodies.

Some research has even shown that eating baked egg products may actually help desensitize you to eggs and reduce the chance of having an allergic reaction. But don't do this without guidance from your doctor, because you could induce a serious reaction.

The Bottom Line

If you're not sure whether your body can tolerate a baked egg product, ask your allergist if you should try an oral food challenge, which can be a way to figure it out and possibly desensitize yourself to eggs. Skin testing cannot predict whether someone will have a reaction to baked egg products. Researchers are also investigating the use of oral immunotherapy as a possible way to desensitize people to egg allergies.

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