Injuries That May Result From a FOOSH

If you lose your balance and fall down, you may suffer what physical therapists and healthcare providers call a FOOSH injury. The word FOOSH, while fun to say, is actually an acronym for fall onto an outstretched hand. It occurs when you fall down and try to break the fall by reaching down with your hand. This may result in an upper extremity injury such as a sprain or a fracture.

elderly woman falling down.
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First Steps After a FOOSH Injury

If you have fallen down and landed on your hand, wrist, or arm there are a few things you should do to ensure that you get the proper care for your injury, including:

A FOOSH injury may be a serious thing, so don't let small problems become big problems; get your arm checked out by someone if you have suffered a FOOSH. Your healthcare provider will likely obtain an X-ray of your shoulder, arm, or hand to check the bony anatomy to see if something has broken. He or she may also perform special tests as part of a clinical examination to rule in or out soft tissue injuries like a sprain or muscle strain. Failure to get appropriate medical treatment after a fall may result in long-term loss of function.

Common FOOSH Injuries

If you suffer a FOOSH injury, there are many different body parts that can become injured. These typically involve your wrist and hand, but you may also injure your elbow or shoulder as well. Common injuries that occur after a FOOSH include:

  • Colles' fracture: a fracture of the wrist where the end of your arm bone is displaced backward.
  • Smith's fracture: a wrist fracture, similar to a Colles' fracture, where the end of your arm bone is displaced towards the front of your wrist.
  • Boxer's fracture: a fracture of the small bones in your hand. This typically occurs after punching something hard, but if you fall on your outstretched fist, you may suffer a boxer's fracture.
  • Elbow dislocation or elbow fracture: a FOOSH injury may cause your elbow to come out of joint or may even break a bone in your elbow.
  • Collarbone fracture: the forced from falling with your hand and arm outstretched may travel all the way up to your collarbone, causing a fracture there.
  • Proximal humeral fracture: a FOOSH injury may jam your arm bone up into your shoulder, causing a proximal humeral fracture.
  • Shoulder dislocation: a fall with your hand and arm outstretched may cause your shoulder to come out of joint. This may cause a rotator cuff tear or a labrum injury.

Regardless of what may become injured if you fall down, you should surely visit your healthcare provider after a FOOSH to ensure that you haven't done some serious damage. If you have been seriously injured, your practitioner can make sure you get an accurate diagnosis and can start you on the road to recovery right away.

Physical Therapy After A FOOSH Injury

After a FOOSH injury, you may benefit from physical therapy to help you recover fully and to return to your previous level of function. Your physical therapy may vary depending on your specific injury, but generally, your physical therapist can help you return to optimal function after a fall onto your outstretched hand.

Common treatments your PT may offer after a FOOSH injury may include:

  • Instruction on how to properly wear your sling
  • Exercises to help improve your range of motion (ROM), strength, or functional mobility
  • Treatments and modalities to decrease your pain or swelling
  • Scar tissue management if you have had surgery
  • Balance exercises to help prevent future falls

Your physical therapist will work closely with you after a FOOSH injury to ensure that you get the proper treatment to quickly and safely get back to your normal activities.


They say an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, so preventing a fall onto an outstretched hand is paramount. Different ways to prevent a FOOSH injury from occurring include:

  • Installing grab bars in your bath or shower
  • Making sure all throw rugs are secure (or eliminate throw rugs entirely)
  • Removing clutter from your floors and along your home's passageways
  • Performing specific balance exercises to improve your safe mobility

Making sure your environment is safe and that you have adequate strength and balance can help keep you upright and may prevent a FOOSH. A local physical therapist may be an appropriate resource to consult to prevent falls.

A Word From Verywell

Falling can be a scary thing, and it can lead to serious injuries. If you place your hand down on the ground to break your fall, you may suffer a FOOSH injury. Luckily FOOSH injuries result in minor injuries. Sometimes, your fall may cause a serious problem that needs to be checked out. If you have fallen or have suffered a FOOSH injury, check in with your healthcare provider, and then check in with your PT to safely and quickly get on the road to recovery.

1 Source
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Chiu J, Robinovitch SN. Prediction of upper extremity impact forces during falls on the outstretched handJournal of Biomechanics. 1998;31(12):1169-1176. doi:10.1016/s0021-9290(98)00137-7

Additional Reading

By Brett Sears, PT
Brett Sears, PT, MDT, is a physical therapist with over 20 years of experience in orthopedic and hospital-based therapy.