When it comes to asthma, Black, Latinx, and Indigenous people are disproportionately affected.

Black people with asthma are two times more likely to be hospitalized due to asthma, three times more likely to die from asthma, and five times more likely to require care in an emergency department due to an asthma attack. 

Latinx people are 200% more likely to have asthma. 

American Indian/Alaska Native children are almost twice as likely to have asthma than non-Hispanic White children.

In order to help understand why asthma affects people of color more than White people, we took a closer look at: 

  • Asthma risk factors
  • Barriers to receiving an asthma diagnosis
  • Issues with asthma treatment
  • The cost of asthma

Within this Health Divide, we dive deeper into the health inequities that increase asthma risk in people of color. 

Farah Khan, MD, Verywell Health Medical Expert Board Member

Health Divide

Asthma in People of Color

asthma health divide

How Asthma Affects People of Color

Risk, Diagnosis, Control, and Cost

Personal Stories

Featured Resource

More Helpful Resources

Explore Our Guide

Page Sources
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Asthma disparities in America, 2020.

  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Asthma and American Indians/Alaska natives.