How To Manage Dehydration When You Have IBD

People with An Ostomy or a J-Pouch Will Need To Avoid Dehydration

Sports Drinks
Sports drink companies spend a lot of money advertising that their products combat dehydration, but for people with IBD, it may not be enough. Image © Amber J Tresca

Do you find that you have trouble staying hydrated because of the signs and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)? Diarrhea can lead to dehydration even in healthy adults and can be a special problem when IBD causes chronic diarrhea. People with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis sometimes also have surgery to treat their disease, which can include the removal of some or all of the large intestine. The large intestine is where most water is absorbed, and when part or all of it is missing, less water might be absorbed by the body. This is why hydration is a special area of concern for people who have an ileostomy or have had j-pouch surgery (ileal pouch-anal anastomosis or IPAA). Dehydration is a major cause of readmission to the hospital after ileostomy surgery.

The Origin Of Sports And Energy Drinks

Many people turn to sports drinks as a source of hydration. There are a few different groups that developed drinks that were meant to provide hydration and energy before, during, and after exercise. The most famous of them was originally developed for use by athletes who may lose a lot of water by sweating, especially during hot weather. Dr. Robert Cade of the University of Florida, at the request of the university's assistant football coach, led a team that originally developed a drink containing electrolytes and carbohydrates. The football team went on to have a successful season while using the drink, and other colleges started asking for it. This, of course, was the start of the sports drink Gatorade.

In time, manufacturers began adding other ingredients to their drinks, including stimulants like caffeine, to create energy drinks. Most energy and sports drinks also contain artificial colors and sweeteners.

Sports Drinks May Not Be the Answer to Dehydration

There are a few things about sports and energy drinks that make them a less than perfect choice for people with IBD who need to replenish fluids and electrolytes. The first is that they don't actually offer the right mix of nutrients: most don't contain enough electrolytes. The second is that some brands contain things that aren't needed that make them taste better (sugar or artificial sweeteners), look colorful (artificial colors), and provide a burst of energy (caffeine).

The World Health Organization has developed an oral rehydration salts (ORS) solution that is used across the world, especially in areas where severe dehydration is a cause of illness and death. Using a special combination of salts and water to rehydrate is called oral rehydration therapy (ORT), and it saves lives in areas of the world where diarrheal disease is a leading cause of death in children. ORS are available in Western countries at pharmacies, hospital supply stores, and sometimes in sporting goods stores with the first aid kits. There are also recipes for ORS that can be made at home. ORS is usually fairly inexpensive, but check with a doctor before resorting to buying it or making it at home for rehydration.

How Can People With IBD Get Hydrated?

Short of keeping a supply of ORS on hand (although it's not a bad idea to keep some with your emergency supplies), how can people with a j-pouch, an ileostomy, or IBD, rehydrate at home? According to the University of Michigan IBD Team, rehydration is probably best done with a mix of a few things most people with IBD probably already have at home. The experts at U of M recommend that the sports drink is just a start.

To bring hydration up, they suggest eating and drinking the items in this "recipe" designed to mimic ORT:

  • 1 liter of sports drink
  • 1/2 cup of chicken soup
    One of the following:
    1.6 bananas
  • 1.6 sweet potatoes
  • 1.6 medium avocados
  • 1.5 cups of yogurt
  • 1 cup of spinach
  • 3 1/2 tablets of 650 mg of sodium bicarbonate (or 7 325 mg tablets)

The United Ostomy Associations of America also has recipes available for replacing electrolytes and fluids. This is the suggested homemade electrolyte drink:

  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon white Karo syrup
  • 1 6-ounce can frozen orange juice
  • Add water to make one quart, mix well

What To Do If You're Dehydrated

Mild cases of dehydration can usually be dealt with at home. Severe cases of dehydration may need to be treated by a physician or in a hospital. For severe dehydration, with symptoms of confusion, dizziness, or fainting, call 911. If you have more questions about how to avoid becoming dehydrated, or what you should eat or drink if you are dehydrated, ask your physician.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is Gatorade good for dehydration?

    In some cases, Gatorade may be good for dehydration. One study found that Gatorade can help with dehydration while participating in a sport, but the drink still did not meet the needs of athletes. However, the artificial sweeteners and artificial ingredients used to create the drink should be kept in mind, since ingesting too much of them can negatively affect health.

  • Which diseases cause dehydration?

    Diseases that cause dehydration can include inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease, diabetes, gastroenteritis, alcoholism, or any other condition that results in severe diarrhea or fluid loss.

  • Do energy drinks dehydrate you?

    Certain energy drinks can dehydrate you. This is due to stimulants such as caffeine, which can also cause anxiety, digestive issues, and quality of sleep. The amount of caffeine will differ from one energy drink to another.

  • What are the symptoms of ileostomy dehydration?

    The signs or symptoms of ileostomy dehydration include dark urine, dry mouth, fatigue, fast weight loss, increased thirst, muscle cramps, stomach cramps, and diarrhea. If you suspect that you're dehydrated, try pinching the skin of your forearm. If the skin remains upright for a couple of seconds, this can be a sign of dehydration.

9 Sources
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Messaris E, Sehgal R, Deiling S, et al. Dehydration Is the Most Common Indication for Readmission After Diverting Ileostomy CreationDiseases of the Colon & Rectum. 2012;55(2):175-180. doi:10.1097/dcr.0b013e31823d0ec5

  2. World Health Organization. Oral rehydration salts.

  3. Suh JS, Hahn WH, Cho BS. Recent Advances of Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT)Electrolyte Blood Press. 2010;8(2):82–86. doi:10.5049/EBP.2010.8.2.82

  4. University of Michigan IBD Team Facebook post. Trying to rehydrate with Gatorade?

  5. Parrish CR. A Patients Guide to Managing a Short Bowel. Charlottesville, VA: Carol Rees Parrish, MS, RD; 2011.

  6. Sun JM, Chia JK, Aziz AR, Tan B. Dehydration rates and rehydration efficacy of water and sports drink during one hour of moderate intensity exercise in well-trained flatwater kayakers. Ann Acad Med Singap. 2008 Apr;37(4):261-5. PMID: 18461208

  7. NHS Inform. Dehydration: Causes of Dehydration.

  8. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Energy Drinks.

  9. UCSF Ostomy Education Portal, Department of Surgery. Preventing Dehydration.

By Amber J. Tresca
Amber J. Tresca is a freelance writer and speaker who covers digestive conditions, including IBD. She was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis at age 16.