Common Cancer Types in the United States

Dermatologist examining patient for skin cancer
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Cancer incidence rates vary among different countries in the world. Diet and other environmental factors can greatly influence cancer development. For example, stomach cancer may be common in Japan but is considered rare in the United States. The types of cancer that are common for one country may not be the same for another.

In the U.S., a type of cancer has to have at least 40,000 reported cases to be considered a common type of cancer. This figure often changes from year to year. For example, in 2005, the annual incidence had to be at least 25,000, but in 2015, it was 40,000. These statistics are compiled by the American Cancer Society (ACS), which releases an annual report projecting cancer incidence and morbidity.

The Most Common Cancer in the United States

Skin cancer is divided into two categories: melanoma and non-melanoma. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common cancer in the U.S. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. They estimate that each year 3 million people receive a diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancer, with basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma being the two most common types.

Non-melanoma skin cancer is much more common than melanoma and is less life-threatening. However, when left untreated or detected late, non-melanoma skin cancer can be fatal or disfiguring.

More Commonly Diagnosed Cancer Types in the U.S.

The following is a list of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in the United States, based on the American Cancer Society 2019 projection, except where noted. The ACS cautions that the model used changes each year, so their figures should not be compared to previous years to measure trends.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women (other than non-melanoma skin cancer). It is estimated that 268,600 women and 2,670 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer in a year. Breast health should be a top priority for all women, including having clinical breast exams and regular mammograms. Although breast cancer is often hereditary, women without a family history of the disease can develop breast cancer as well.

Lung Cancer

Aside from non-melanoma skin cancers, lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among men and women. In a year, 228,150 people are expected to be diagnosed with the disease. One of the major factors for lung cancer development is smoking. Other causes exist, such as radon exposure and other chemical exposures, but smoking remains the major risk factor for lung cancer.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a disease that affects the prostate gland, which is found only in men. The gland is the size of a walnut and is located beneath the bladder and underneath the rectum. It is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in men (other than non-melanoma skin cancer), with an estimated 174,650 new diagnoses in a year.

Colon Cancer

An estimated 101,420 people will be diagnosed with colon cancer in a year. Fortunately, early detection is possible with timely and regular screenings. It is recommended that people of average risk begin having screenings at age 50 and every ten years thereafter.

Bladder Cancer

The American Cancer Society estimates that 80,470 people will be diagnosed with bladder cancer in a year. When diagnosed in the early stages, it is highly treatable. There are several types of bladder cancer, some being more common than others. The most common type of bladder cancer is urothelial carcinoma, accounting for about 90% of bladder cancer cases.

Melanoma

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that affects approximately 5% of people diagnosed with cancer, an estimated 96,480 in 2019. Melanoma is also attributed to 7,230 deaths per year. In many cases, melanoma can be prevented by lowering exposure to risk factors. Melanoma is treatable when detected early, with a 5-year survival rate of over 92%, according to the National Cancer Institute.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)

It is estimated that over 74,200 people will be diagnosed with NHL in a year. The disease affects the lymphatic system in both children and adults. There are about 30 different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Common symptoms include night sweats and swollen lymph nodes.

Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the lower part of the neck. Although small in size, how well the thyroid is functioning has a huge impact on our health. It has many functions, including regulating our metabolism and production of hormones. It is expected that 52,070 people will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer in a year.

Kidney Cancer (Renal Cell)

The American Cancer Society estimates that over 73,820 Americans will be diagnosed with kidney and renal pelvis cancer in a year. Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer, accounting for up to 90% of cases of the disease. In renal cell carcinoma, malignant cells are believed to arise from the tubules of the kidney.

Leukemia

Leukemia is a disease that affects blood-forming cells in the body. It is a cancerous condition characterized by an abundance of abnormal white blood cells in the body. Leukemia begins in the bone marrow and spreads to other parts of the body. Both children and adults can develop leukemia. 61,780 Americans may be diagnosed with leukemia in a year.

Pancreatic Cancer

The American Cancer Society estimates that over 56,770 people in the U.S. will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in a year. It is almost always fatal, as it is most often diagnosed in the late stages. It is a complex disease that can be difficult to diagnose and treat. It is estimated that 45,750 people will die of pancreatic cancer in a year.

Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial cancer develops in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus in women. It is commonly referred to as uterine cancer, but other types of cancer to develop in the uterus, though much less often. Endometrial cancer is most often diagnosed in women who have gone through menopause, but it can be diagnosed in younger women, too. About 61,880 women are expected to be diagnosed with uterine cancer in a year.

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