4 Times-a-Day (QID) or Every 6 Hours (Q6H) Prescription

Deciphering Dosage Instructions and Timing

Pharmacist talking to customer
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If your doctor has prescribed a medication using terminology such as QID or Q6H, what does that mean? If a medication is prescribed every 4 to 6 hours, do you need to awaken at night to take it? How can you interpret all of the other medical lingo describing your medication? Let's translate what these terms mean so that you can take your medication the way that your physician—though speaking in what appears to be a foreign language—intended.

Medication Timing on a Physician's Prescription

Many people have questions about timing when they get a prescription, look at orders on a discharge sheet, or remember instructions given in the office or hospital. You may hope to find the answers online so you don't need to call your physician to clarify her instructions.

While definitions of medication timing terms can help you take your medication the way it's intended, it is no substitute for talking directly with your physician. Your pharmacist is also an excellent resource when it comes to figuring out how your drugs work, their adverse effects, or how your drugs should be taken. Pharmacists are knowledgeable and trained to answer all your questions. Patient education is a part of their training and a primary service they provide with each prescription. Don't hesitate to ask your questions in person or give your pharmacist a call to clarify instructions.

If you are in doubt about medication timing, always ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Differences Between QID (Take 4 Times Daily) and Q6H (Take Every 6 Hours)

One distinction in medication instructions is when a medication is prescribed at a specific time interval, or instead, is written as a number of doses to be taken daily. An example would be a prescription that is prescribed QID (translated to mean take the medication four times a day,) and q6h, which would mean to take the medication every six hours. What is the difference?

  1. When a medication is prescribed QID (4 times a day) it is most often assumed that the medication will be taken 4 times a day spread out over waking hours. However, this is something to clarify with your physician or pharmacist if it isn't spelled out.
  2. A prescription prescribed q6h (every 6 hours) is usually designed to be taken every 6 hours, even if you have to set an alarm and wake up to make sure you follow this schedule.
Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Your Medications

Around-the-Clock Medications

Around-the-clock medications (ATC) are those which you need to take at a regular time interval, say every 6 hours. This may be needed to keep the levels of the drug in your bloodstream above a certain number. If the amount of the drug in your bloodstream at any one time during a 24-hour day is important, taking a drug at a set interval is recommended.

A regular interval is often recommended with a high blood pressure medication, a heart disease medication, or something such as a blood thinner. To understand this you may want to think about how the medication works. With a blood thinner, for instance, you want to make sure your levels are relatively constant over time. With a QID schedule instead, you'd be apt to have leveled a bit higher than normal at some times and lower than normal at others.

ATC dosing is used for medications such as heart medications, but may be used for pain medications as well, especially when getting behind on the medications may cause a rebound of pain symptoms. With severe pain, and especially with pain medications used at the end of life, pain medications will be recommended ATC instead of PRN (as needed) to maintain better pain relief.

Taking Around-the-Clock Medications

Waking Hours Medications

In contrast, if you are using a medication for mild pain or itching, using it during waking hours may be the best option if you don't need the medication in your system while you are asleep. Some physicians clarify this on a prescription, for example writing either "QID while awake" or "q6h (or other timing) while awake."

The severity of the need for the medication may also determine the timing. For an infection such as a strep throat, a medication may be prescribed four times daily while awake. For a life-threatening infection, in contrast, it's important to take a medication at set intervals (for example, every 4 hours) to make sure your blood levels of the drug are never below therapeutic levels.

Notations Found on Prescriptions

Our examples of QID and q6h above are only one example of how timing is depicted on a prescription. Here are the translations of some of the other notations that you may read or hear from your doctor:

  • PO means orally
  • QD means once a day
  • BID means twice a day
  • TID means three times a day
  • QID means four times a day
  • QHS means before bed
  • Q4H means every 4 hours
  • Q6H means every 6 hours
  • Q8H means every 8 hours
  • QOD means every other day
  • PRN means as needed - PRN medications are usually those that are only needed for minor symptoms, such as pain, nausea, or itching
  • a.c. means before a meal (it may also be written q.a.c.) - The prescription may also include how long before a meal the medication needs to be taken, for example, one hour before eating (these are usually medications which need to be taken on an empty stomach for proper absorption so this description is important)
  • p.c. means after a meal - Some medications are absorbed better with a full stomach, though sometimes medications are recommended after a meal to decrease stomach upset
  • IM means intramuscularly (injection) - Intramuscularly means the injection is given into a muscle
  • Subq means subcutaneous (injection) - Subcutaneous means the injection is given just under the surface of the skin, like a tuberculosis test
  • IV means intravenous (injection) - Intravenous injections are usually given through an intravenous line or a Port
  • q.t.t. means drops
  • OD means in the right eye (think eye drops)
  • OS means in the left eye (think eye drops)
  • OU means in both eyes (think eye drops)

Additionally, you may see a symbol on your script that looks like a "T" with a dot at the top of it. This abbreviation means one pill. There may be one to 4 T's with dots at the top of them signifying one to four pills.

Obviously, you may not see all of these abbreviations in one script. For example, OD, OS, and OU are used only for drops and not for pills.

Understanding Your Doctor's Prescription Abbreviations

Get Answers to Prevent Medication Errors

The timing of doses isn't the only question people may have when it comes to deciphering prescriptions or oral communication from your doctor. Other abbreviations include number of refills allowed and whether you are receiving a brand name or generic drug.

Medical errors are a significant cause of death in the United States. Fortunately, most of these errors are preventable when patients are active advocates for their health and ask plenty of questions.

How You Can Avoid Medication Errors
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