The Health Benefits of Policosanol

This supplement is purported to help lower high cholesterol

Close-up of sugar cane stalks
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Policosanol, a dietary supplement, is a mixture of alcohols isolated from Cuban sugar cane wax. It contains about 60 percent octacosanol.

Other names for policosanol include Octacosanol, 1-Octacosanol, N-Octacosanol, and Octacosyl Alcohol.

Health Benefits

Policosanol has been touted as a dietary supplement that can lower cholesterol.

Although some studies suggest that policosanol may help to inhibit cholesterol formation in the liver, the majority of the studies on sugar cane policosanol have been conducted by a single research group in Cuba that's involved with the policosanol patent.

An independent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2006 did not find any benefit of policosanol, even at high doses, on cholesterol levels. This finding casts some doubt on the reliability of the Cuban research on policosanol.

More recently, an animal study published in 2016 found that rats who were fed a high-cholesterol diet and given policosanol for six weeks experienced a significant decrease in cholesterol, blood sugar, triglycerides, LDL "bad" cholesterol, and the enzymatic activity in the liver that control cholesterol synthesis compared to rats who weren't given policosanol. Researchers concluded that policosanol has the potential to be developed into an effective dietary strategy for managing the boost in blood sugar and cholesterol that follows meals.

Another study, this one a review of 22 studies involving nearly 1,900 people published in 2017, reported that sugar cane policosanol could significantly reduce total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol and increase HDL "good" cholesterol; no significant effects were observed on triglyceride and body weight. However, researchers concluded that because of the differences in the study designs, the better treatment effects observed in the studies from Cuba, and the inconsistent dose-response relationship, more clinical trials are needed to confirm the efficacy of policosanol on high cholesterol.

Possible Side Effects

Although the reliability of the Cuban studies has been questioned, the side effects of policosanol reported in the trials have generally been mild and short-term. They've included indigestion, skin rash, headache, insomnia, and weight loss.

Policosanol may increase the effect of medications that interfere with blood clotting or anti-platelet drugs, such as aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), heparin, clopidogrel (Plavix), ticlopidine (Ticlid), or pentoxifylline (Trental), or supplements such as garlic, ginkgo, or high-dose vitamin E.

Policosanol may increase the effects and side effects of levodopa, a medication used for Parkinson's disease.

Also keep in mind that the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications has not been established.

Dosage and Preparation

A typical dosage of policosanol used in studies has been five to 10 milligrams twice daily. Studies generally find that it can take up to two months to notice benefits.

What to Look For

The most-studied form of policosanol is derived from sugar cane and many products will tout that source. Other forms of policoanol, such as those derived from beeswax or wheat germ, haven't been well researched.

Be aware that supplements haven't been tested for safety and due to the fact that dietary supplements are largely unregulated, the content of some products may differ from what is specified on the product label. A ConsumerLab.com analysis of six policosanol supplements found that all of the products contained their claimed amounts, which is in line with what's used clinically. This suggests you can be assured that what's promised on the label is what's found in the supplements. However, to be certain, when buying supplements look for products that have been certified by ConsumerLabs, The U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention, or NSF International. These organizations don't guarantee a product is safe or effective, but they indicate that it's undergone testing for quality.

A Word From Verywell

Due to a lack of supporting evidence, it's too soon to recommend policosanol for the treatment of high cholesterol. If you're considering using it, talk with your primary care provider first. Self-treating a condition and avoiding or delaying standard care may have serious consequences.

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Article Sources

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  2. Berthold HK, Unverdorben S, Degenhardt R, Bulitta M, Gouni-berthold I. Effect of policosanol on lipid levels among patients with hypercholesterolemia or combined hyperlipidemia: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2006;295(19):2262-9. doi:10.1001/jama.295.19.2262

  3. Lee JY, Choi HY, Kang YR, et al. Effects of long-term supplementation of policosanol on blood cholesterol/glucose levels and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme a reductase activity in a rat model fed high cholesterol diets. Food Sci Biotechnol. 2016;25(3):899-904. doi:10.1007/s10068-016-0147-y

  4. Gong J, Qin X, Yuan F, et al. Efficacy and safety of sugarcane policosanol on dyslipidemia: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2018;62(1) doi:10.1002/mnfr.201700280

  5. Castaño G, Más R, Fernández J, et al. Effects of policosanol on borderline to mildly elevated serum total cholesterol levels: a prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, comparative study. Curr Ther Res Clin Exp. 2003;64(8):522-37. doi:10.1016/j.curtheres.2003.09.002

  6. ConsumerLab.com. Cholesterol-Lowering Supplements Review.

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