Managing Psoriasis As You Get Older

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Psoriasis affects people of all ages, including old age. If you have psoriasis, you can expect to experience changes in the way it affects your skin, scalp, and overall health as you get older. This means you'll likely need to adjust and adapt to how you manage the condition.

Psoriasis causing itching, flaking, and lesions called plaques. It's an autoimmune disease characterized by abnormal skin cell growth. Although it's a chronic condition, psoriasis doesn't tend to get worse over time

Skin and Hair

Over time, skin naturally loses elasticity, becomes thinner and dryer, and develops wrinkles and other signs of aging. Although genetics plays a role in how skin changes over time, ultraviolet sun exposure plays an even bigger role.

Psoriasis flares of sun damaged skin can be challenging to treat. If you have psoriasis, wearing sunscreen daily and taking other measures to protect your skin from sun damage throughout your life will protect your skin from psoriasis flares later in life.

Smoking speeds the rate of skin aging. If you have psoriasis and smoke, kicking the habit may help delay skin damage as well as lower your risk of lung cancer and other complications of tobacco use.

If you have psoriasis on your scalp and your hair is starting to turn grey, be careful before covering up the incoming silver. Paraphenylenediamine, a molecule that's found in hair dye products, may exacerbate psoriasis flare-ups. Wait until after your flare-up is under control and your symptoms have subsided before heading to the salon.

Additionally, a dry scalp can be a problem, Using conditioner when you wash your hair and limiting the use of heating styling tools (hair dryers, curling irons, and such) may be helpful.

Overall Health

Psoriasis is linked with an increased risk of serious health conditions that are common with age. Among the comorbidities associated with psoriasis are heart disease, metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, psoriatic arthritis, and depression.

Heart Disease

There is growing evidence linking psoriasis to an increased risk of heart disease. In addition, psoriasis may be associated with other heart disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure

Psoriasis on its own is not as strong of a risk factor for heart disease as family history and smoking are.

But it isn't psoriasis that causes these issues- the same inflammatory process that contributes to psoriasis also contributes to other diseases.

Metabolic Disorders

A 2018 review in the journal Clinical Dermatology revealed a strong link between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome, a cluster of disorders that are more common with age. They include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Between 20% and 50% of people with psoriasis have a metabolic disorder. The risk of metabolic syndrome in people with psoriasis is twice that of those who do not have the condition and is more common in people who have severe psoriasis than in those whose disorder is mild. 

Osteoporosis

A study in 2019 in the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology found a connection between psoriatic disease (psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis) and low bone mineral density. Low bone mineral density can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis with age.

Reducing the risk for osteoporosis (whether you have psoriasis or not) involves including adequate calcium and vitamin D in your diet and regularly doing weight-bearing activities.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory condition that affects up to 30% of people with psoriasis, according to the National Psoriasis Foundation. PsA causes joint pain and stiffness and is often diagnosed in people ages 30 to 50, although it can affect anyone of any age.

Little is known about how to prevent PsA as highlighted in a 2019 medical review in the journal Nature Reviews Rheumatology.The best way to prevent PsA, experts agree, is to manage your psoriasis diligently.

If you have concerns about the progression of psoriasis and your risk for PsA, talk to your doctor about your outlook and how to best manage psoriasis symptoms and flare-ups.

Depression

Depression is a common, but not normal, part of aging, with or without psoriasis. Psoriasis is strongly connected to depression and research shows all people with psoriasis are at risk for major depression.

Depression is treatable and there many effective treatments available. Share your concerns with your doctor if you experience any signs of depression.

Common signs of depression include persistent sadness, feeling hopeless or worthless, loss of interest in favorite activities, concentration and sleep troubles, irritability, and thoughts of death and/or suicide.

Menopause

The severity of psoriasis can fluctuate with hormonal changes. The onset of psoriasis sometimes occurs during puberty or in response to decreasing levels of estrogen, during menopause. It's believed this may occur as a result of a strong inflammation, which is the driving force in psoriasis.

Menopause can also cause dry skin, reduce collagen production (a cause of thinner skin), and decrease skin elasticity.

Caring for Aging Skin

As you get older, there are many simple measures you can take to preserve the appearance of your skin and help prevent flares of arthritis.

Steer clear of skincare products that contain alcohol, fragrances, and sulfates—ingredients that are known to cause irritation and dryness.

Try to avoid trauma to your skin. An injury can lead to a psoriasis breakout, and an injury-induced psoriasis breakout is described as a Koebner phenomenon.

Cleanse your skin with gentle, hydrating non-soap products that won’t disrupt your skin's barrier. Shower in lukewarm water for no longer than 10 minutes. Pat skin dry and moisturize.

If you have scales on your scalp or other places of your body, use skin care products containing salicylic acid., which can gently exfoliate skin and remove scales from psoriasis plaques.

A Word From Verywell

Serious exacerbations of psoriasis or other complications of the condition are not inevitable as you get older, as long as you work closely with your doctor to manage the condition. Do be aware of the role stress can play in flares, as later life events can take an emotional toll—from the birth of a grandchild to the death of a loved one. To the degree it's possible, anticipate the possibility of such events, have strategies in place for dealing with them, and make stress-reducing practices like yoga or meditation a part of your regular daily routine.

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