Types of Rare Diseases

From the lujo virus to POEMS syndrome, there are uncommon diseases about which it can be tough to find reliable information. Learn more about the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of rare diseases.
Baby peeking out of crib
Congenital Hyperinsulinism: Overview and More
patient's test results
Susac Syndrome: Overview and More
Premature baby in ICU
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Overview and More
Black lungs illustrating black lung disease
Black Lung Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Woman suffering from bad headache or migraine. Appointment with doctor in office room. Sick and unwell lady with stress, trauma or burnout. Young patient in pain holding head with hands.
Hypophysitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, & Treatment
Doctor talking to patients
Fatal Familial Insomnia: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Oculocutaneous Albinism: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Erythromelalgia: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Closeup of a woman's ear. The ear is often affected with relapsing polychondritis.
Relapsing Polychondritis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
Doctor talking with a young female patient and her mother
Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome: Symptoms and Treatment
Young Boy Playing With the Doctors Stethoscope stock photo
An Overview of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Children
Capillary hemangioma red birthmark on the babys leg
Maffucci Syndrome: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
Carotidynia: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Aedes aegypti mosquito
List of Neglected Tropical Diseases
Hopeful woman with hands behind head in sunlight
What to Know About Morgellons Disease
parotid gland illustration
Frey Syndrome or Gustatory Sweating Overview
Research Advances in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)
Mitochondria TEM
MELAS Syndrome Symptoms and Treatment
woman collapsed in fatigue
Diagnosing and Treating Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
Most Common Types of Dwarfism
Illustrated portraite of Joseph Merrick
Learn About The Elephant Man, Joseph Merrick
A young girl playing the piano
Is Rain Man Syndrome Real?
Doctor and nurse examining baby in doctor's office
Hurler Syndrome (MPS I Disease) Symptoms and Treatment
Quarantine officers attend an exercise to prevent Ebola virus at Zhangjiajie Hehua International Airport.
Bubonic Plague: Overview and More
Large bruise on a woman's knee
ITP: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Older man with doctor
Learn About Multiple System Atrophy
Doctor checking a newborn
MMIHS: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
An older woman holding her hand in pain
An Overview of Proteus Syndrome
Baby getting an ultrasound
Congenital Defect Prune Belly Syndrome in Babies
Senior African American couple, man in wheelchair
What Is Progressive Supranuclear Palsy?
Woman with abdominal pain
Fitz Hugh Curtis Syndrome Symptoms and Diagnosis
man being examined with stethescope
Pulmonary Fibrosis Alternative Medicine Treatment
woman looking in mirror
Myasthenia Gravis: Overview and More
Doctor reviewing x-ray
Granuloma Symptoms and Related Conditions
E. coli bacteria, SEM
How to Protect Yourself From Hamburger Disease
Droplets of mercury
The Minamata Disaster and the Disease That Followed
Man sitting in a boardroom with a unrecognizable face
Prosopagnosia Causes and Treatment
sleeping baby
Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome
doctor examining a female patient's neck
An Overview of Scleredema: Hardening of the Skin
Man with Leg Brace
What Is Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease?
A view of the Chernobyl power plant
Health Issues Faced by the Children of Chernobyl
baby foot
Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita Causes and Treatment
Krabbe's leukodystrophy
Krabbe Disease Symptoms and Treatment
Newborn baby boy
Aplasia Cutis Congenita Symptoms and Treatment
I should have totally gotten that flu shot
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN)
Two doctors talking about an x-ray of a human lung
Hemosiderosis Symptoms and Treatment
Woman taking supplements
Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome Symptoms and Treatment
Scientist with pipette loading DNA gels in laboratory
Zellweger Syndrome Causes and Symptoms
Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis
Kikuchi Disease Symptoms and Treatment
First Minutes With Newborn
Diamond Blackfan Anemia: Overview and More
a woman sitting down and holding her foot
Overview of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)
Woman giving mother bouquet of flowers in hospital
Goodpasture Syndrome: Disease of the Lungs and Kidneys
Pseudoachondroplasia: Symptoms, Causes, and Diagnosis
A doctor examining a newborn baby in an incubator
An Overview of Propionic Acidemia
illustration of cranial nerves
Moebius Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
doctor looking at brain CT scan
Hypopituitarism: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
Leprosy patient's hands
Facts About Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)
We'll take it slow so you don't get hurt
An Overview of Inclusion Body Myositis
Parry Romberg Syndrome
Parry Romberg Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Yaws: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment