Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina, causing symptoms. Reviewed by a board-certified obstetrician-gynecologist.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) can cause vaginal discharge, itchiness, and odor. If left untreated, BV can affect your pregnancy and increase your risk of STDs.
Bacterial vaginosis can be diagnosed with tests that check for vaginal infection, including microscopic tests, gram stains, pH tests, and home test kits.
While bacterial vaginosis is not considered a sexually transmitted disease, sexual practices contribute to your risk as do genetics and your general health.
Bacterial vaginosis is treated with prescription antibiotics taken orally or with topical creams or gels. There are even home remedies that can help.
Bacterial vaginosis affects millions of women each year but can be avoided by not douching and using condoms, plus other prevention tips.
Vaginal itching, discharge, and discomfort can be caused by bacterial vaginosis or a yeast infection. Learn the difference between the two.
Find out about bacterial infections, the different types that exist, and how they can affect you.
The most common vaginal infections are yeast infections, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis, but the causes and treatments vary for each.
Learn about bacterial and viral infections, such as chlamydia and parvovirus B19, that have been linked to pregnancy loss.